January 15, 2020

· New data reveals that self-generated imagery now accounts for nearly a third of web pages featuring sexual images of children actioned by the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF)

· More than three quarters of the self-generated material - be it images or videos –feature 11 to 13-year-old children, of which the majority are girls

· The IWF and victim-support charity Marie Collins Foundation are calling on young men to report any sexual images or videos that they may stumble across while browsing online - that look like they may feature an under 18

· The two charities are today promoting a series of online films to educate viewers on the law regarding sexual online content of under 18s, and how to easily and anonymously report any sexual images or videos of concern

New data released today1 by the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF), reveals that more than three quarters of the self-generated sexual abuse images of under 18s that have been actioned by the charity from January to November 2019 - which are primarily produced in domestic settings and can include grooming and coercion by adults – feature 11 to 13-year old children. Of the self-generated material featuring girls – be it images or videos - most (80.5%) were aged 11 to 13 years.

Alarmingly, self-generated sexual content featuring under-18s now accounts for nearly a third of all actioned child sexual abuse material online by the IWF. From January to November 2019, the IWF took action on over 37,000 reports that contained self-generated images and videos from the web, depicting criminal imagery of under 18s.

With recent research highlighting that over three quarters (77%)2 of 18 to 25 year old men are watching porn online, the IWF has partnered the Marie Collins Foundation - a charity that supports the recovery of victims of online sexual abuse - to develop a suite of online films that educates young men on the law regarding sexual images of under 18s and, importantly, how to anonymously report any content they think may feature a minor.

The films form part of both charities’ ambition to educate young men on what to do if they unintentionally stumble across any sexual images or videos that look like they may feature an under 18, so the material can be removed and the harm to victims reduced.

In the UK, an individual can be prosecuted for taking, making, sharing and possessing sexual images of under 18s, even if they thought that the person featured looked older.

Sexual images of a child are a visual record of the abuse they have faced – which can involve the forcing or enticing of a minor (under the age of 18) to take part in sexual activity, whether or not the minor is aware of what is happening. They can vary from photographs, animations, drawings to films.

Susie Hargreaves OBE, IWF CEO, said: “Today’s data demonstrates the alarming rate at which self-generated imagery is increasing, especially among young girls – often in domestic settings. These are images and videos where girls have been groomed, coerced and tricked into performing sexually over webcam, what is fast becoming a national crisis.

There has never been a more poignant time to shine a light on the uncomfortable truth we are now faced with.

While we’re working to prevent images from being taken in the first place, efforts to halt the spread of the ones in circulation by encouraging young men to anonymously report any they may unintentionally stumble upon, is an important and much needed step to help tackle the issue.

Young men might be at risk of stumbling across this content, as a result of having unprecedented access to sexual content online – but they can also be the heroes that help us save many more victims of child sexual abuse.”

Chief Constable Simon Bailey, the National Police Chief's Council lead on child protection, said: "The sheer scale of indecent and harmful content online means that the police cannot tackle this problem on their own. We have to prioritise and that means pursuing the most dangerous and persistent offenders whose mission is to harm children.

"However, we all have a part to play in making the online world a safer place for everyone. Work like this, which seeks to educate people about the law and encourage them to be responsible, and especially to report any sexual images and videos of under-18s, supports the reduction of crime, the removal of indecent content and, importantly, lessens the harm to victims."

Tink Palmer MBE, Chief Executive of the Marie Collins Foundation, said: “Online sexual abuse is not a victimless crime. The children in these images and videos are real and they are harmed every time the content is viewed and shared. Survivors have spoken bravely about their experiences to inform the campaign.

The amount of indecent content of under 18s is growing all the time, supported by the speed and ease with which images can be shared. All internet users need to understand that they are breaking the law if they view this material, regardless of who has taken or uploaded it. Everyone can play their part in ridding the internet of this scourge by reporting illegal images and, ultimately, in protecting children.”

Rhiannon, a survivor, who was sexually assaulted by a perpetrator who contacted her via the internet and sexually abused her online and offline when she was 13, is supporting the campaign, said: “I know first-hand what it is like to suffer sexual abuse and the long-term impact it can have on a young person. My message to anyone who comes across online content that they suspect is of someone under-18 is to do the right thing and report it. You could help safeguard that child and save them from further serious harm.”

For more information on the campaign, to view the online films, and for guidance on how and where to report indecent images or videos of under 18s, visit


Notes to editors:

1 Source: The Internet Watch Foundation analysed reported content (images and/or videos) from 1 January to 30 November 2019 and took action on 37,112 reports that contained self-generated child sexual abuse material. More than three quarters of the self-generated images were of children aged 11-13 years old (29,100)

2 Source: survey commissioned for the BBC Three series Porn Laid Bare – which asked more than 1,000 people online in Great Britain, aged 18-25, about their relationship to pornography (published April 2019,

About The Internet Watch Foundation: What we do

We make the internet a safer place. We help victims of child sexual abuse worldwide by identifying and removing online images and videos of their abuse. We search for child sexual abuse images and videos and offer a place for the public to report them anonymously. We then have them removed. We’re a not for profit organisation and are supported by the global internet industry and the European Commission.

For more information please visit

The IWF is part of the UK Safer Internet Centre, working with Childnet International and the South West Grid for Learning to promote the safe and responsible use of technology.

The IWF works globally to stop child sexual abuse imagery on the internet. If you ever stumble across a sexual image or video of someone you think is under 18, please report to the IWF. Reporting can be done anonymously and confidentially – we don’t need your details, just your help.

About The Marie Collins Foundation:

The vision of the Marie Collins Foundation (MCF) is for all children who suffer sexual abuse facilitated by the internet and mobile technologies, and associated offline abuse, to recover and live safe and fulfilling lives, free from fear and positive about their futures.

The charity was formed to offer a cohesive approach to addressing the recovery needs of children, and their families, who suffer harm online. Services are dedicated to this vulnerable group of young people and those who support them, and we use our voice and influence to further understanding among professionals. MCF became a registered charity in October 2011.

The charity:

  • Offers direct services to children and their families affected by online sexual abuse;
  • Provides training for professionals;
  • Works alongside those assisting children in their recovery;
  • Influences national and international policies and strategies regarding appropriate responses to children harmed online;
  • Participates in research initiatives to better inform evidence-based practice;
  • Engages the media in responsible and informed debate.

For more information, visit

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“It is comforting to see that the Marie Collins Foundation is trying to address the issues of children harmed online and enabling front line practitioners to conduct work with children that is based on relevant research. I will be a regular visitor to the website and will be advertising the charity in the workshops I facilitate.”

Social worker, MCF training attendee

Marie Collins Foundation Partners